Bruce Lee - Biografie, Infos und Bilder - ProSieben - Schon als Kind sammelte Bruce Lee Erfahrungen vor der Kamera. Da er an der Schule öfters von Schülern. Bruce Lee war ein sinoamerikanischer Kampfkünstler, Kampfkunst-Ausbilder und Schauspieler. Er gilt als Ikone des Martial-Arts-Films und wird von vielen als größter Kampfkünstler des Jahrhunderts angesehen. Er entwickelte den Kampfkunststil. Bruce Lee. Hong Kong-American actor, martial artist (). Sprache · Beobachten · Bearbeiten.
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Bruce Lee war ein sinoamerikanischer Kampfkünstler, Kampfkunst-Ausbilder und Schauspieler. Er gilt als Ikone des Martial-Arts-Films und wird von vielen als größter Kampfkünstler des Jahrhunderts angesehen. Er entwickelte den Kampfkunststil. Bruce Lee (chinesisch 李小龍 / 李小龙, Pinyin Lǐ Xiǎolóng, Jyutping Lei5 Siu2Lung4, kantonesisch Lee Siu-Lung, * November in San Francisco; † Der Tod von Bruce Lee kam überraschend und sorgte für verrückte Theorien. ROLLING STONE blickt auf die Ereignisse im Juli zurück. Bruce Lee - Schauspieler & Kampfkunst-Legende. ➠ Aus seinem Leben lässt sich viel über Erfolg lernen. ➠ Die 9 besten Lektionen. Bruce Lee bot sich im Laufe der Zeit die Gelegenheit, als unbezwingbarer Star in der Filmindustrie ohne vergleichbare Kollegen angesehen zu werden. Bruce Lee. Hong Kong-American actor, martial artist (). Sprache · Beobachten · Bearbeiten. Bruce Lee - Biografie, Infos und Bilder - ProSieben - Schon als Kind sammelte Bruce Lee Erfahrungen vor der Kamera. Da er an der Schule öfters von Schülern.
Bruce Lee (chinesisch 李小龍 / 李小龙, Pinyin Lǐ Xiǎolóng, Jyutping Lei5 Siu2Lung4, kantonesisch Lee Siu-Lung, * November in San Francisco; † Bruce Lee - Schauspieler & Kampfkunst-Legende. ➠ Aus seinem Leben lässt sich viel über Erfolg lernen. ➠ Die 9 besten Lektionen. Bruce Lee bot sich im Laufe der Zeit die Gelegenheit, als unbezwingbarer Star in der Filmindustrie ohne vergleichbare Kollegen angesehen zu werden.
Variety, History Channel. People's Republic of China, People's Republic of China. Hong Kong Cnemagic. University of Washington, Frog Books.
Self Improvement Association, Bruce Lee Enterprises. Bruce Lee: The Divine Wind. The tao of gung fu: a study in the way of Chinese martial art.
Tuttle Publishing , 8. The Los Angeles Times, Black Belt Magazine, Roman Polanski: a life in exile. Greenwood Publishing Group, Taiwan Newspaper, ; The China Mail, All Movie Guide.
The New York Times, BBC, AMC FilmSite. Rotten Tomatoes. Library of Congress, Lakeview Cemetery. Bruce Lee: Dynamic Becoming. The two developed a friendship—a relationship from which they benefited as martial artists.
Rhee taught Lee the side kick in detail, and Lee taught Rhee the "non-telegraphic" punch. The "accupunch" is a rapid fast punch that is very difficult to block, based on human reaction time—"the idea is to finish the execution of the punch before the opponent can complete the brain-to-wrist communication.
According to Lee, the Chinese community issued an ultimatum to him to stop teaching non-Chinese people. When he refused to comply, he was challenged to a combat match with Wong.
The arrangement was that if Lee lost, he would have to shut down his school, while if he won, he would be free to teach white people, or anyone else.
Wong and William Chen stated that the fight lasted an unusually long 20—25 minutes. When Wong presented the traditional handshake, Lee appeared to accept the greeting, but instead, Lee allegedly thrust his hand as a spear aimed at Wong's eyes.
Forced to defend his life, Wong nonetheless asserted that he refrained from striking Lee with killing force when the opportunity presented itself because it could have earned him a prison sentence, but used illegal cufflings under his sleeves.
The fight ended due to Lee's "unusually winded" condition, as opposed to a decisive blow by either fighter. In Cadwell's account, "The fight ensued, it was a no-holds-barred fight, it took three minutes.
Bruce got this guy down to the ground and said 'Do you give up? Lee did not respond to the invitation despite his reputation for violently responding to every provocation,  and there were no further public announcements by either, though Lee continued to teach white people.
Lee had abandoned thoughts of a film career in favour of pursuing martial arts. However, a martial arts exhibition on Long Beach in eventually led to the invitation by television producer William Dozier for an audition for a role in the pilot for "Number One Son" about Lee Chan, the son of Charlie Chan.
The show never materialized, but Dozier saw potential in Lee. From to , Lee played the role of Kato alongside the title character played by Van Williams in the TV series produced and narrated by William Dozier  titled The Green Hornet , based on the radio show by the same name.
Lee and Williams also appeared as their characters in three crossover episodes of Batman , another William Dozier-produced television series.
The Green Hornet introduced the adult Bruce Lee to an American audience, and became the first popular American show presenting Asian-style martial arts.
The show's director wanted Lee to fight in the typical American style using fists and punches. As a professional martial artist, Lee refused, insisting that he should fight in the style of his expertise.
At first, Lee moved so fast that his movements could not be caught on film, so he had to slow them down. In , Lee played a role in one episode of Ironside.
Jeet Kune Do originated in The controversial match with Wong Jack Man influenced Lee's philosophy about martial arts.
Lee concluded that the fight had lasted too long and that he had failed to live up to his potential using his Wing Chun techniques.
He took the view that traditional martial arts techniques were too rigid and formalized to be practical in scenarios of chaotic street fighting. Lee decided to develop a system with an emphasis on "practicality, flexibility, speed, and efficiency".
He started to use different methods of training such as weight training for strength, running for endurance, stretching for flexibility, and many others which he constantly adapted, including fencing and basic boxing techniques.
Lee emphasized what he called "the style of no style". This consisted of getting rid of the formalized approach which Lee claimed was indicative of traditional styles.
Lee felt that even the system he now called Jun Fan Gung Fu was too restrictive, and it eventually evolved into a philosophy and martial art he would come to call Jeet Kune Do or the Way of the Intercepting Fist.
It is a term he would later regret, because Jeet Kune Do implied specific parameters that styles connote, whereas the idea of his martial art was to exist outside of parameters and limitations.
At the time, two of Lee's martial arts students were Hollywood script writer Stirling Silliphant and actor James Coburn.
In the three worked on a script for a film called The Silent Flute , and went together on a location hunt to India. The project was not realised at the time, but the film Circle of Iron , starring David Carradine , was based on the same plot.
In , producer Paul Maslansky was reported to have planned and received funding for a film based on the original script for The Silent Flute.
In , Lee appeared in four episodes of the television series Longstreet , written by Silliphant. Lee played Li Tsung the martial arts instructor of the title character Mike Longstreet played by James Franciscus , and important aspects of his martial arts philosophy were written into the script.
During a December 9, television interview on The Pierre Berton Show , Lee stated that both Paramount and Warner Brothers wanted him "to be in a modernized type of a thing, and that they think the Western idea is out, whereas I want to do the Western".
According to these sources, the reason Lee was not cast was in part because of his ethnicity, but more so because he had a thick accent.
In The Pierre Berton Show interview, Lee stated he understood Warner Brothers' attitudes towards casting in the series: "They think that business-wise it is a risk.
I don't blame them. If the situation were reversed, and an American star were to come to Hong Kong, and I was the man with the money, I would have my own concerns as to whether the acceptance would be there".
Producer Fred Weintraub had advised Lee to return to Hong Kong and make a feature film which he could showcase to executives in Hollywood.
Unaware that The Green Hornet had been played to success in Hong Kong and was unofficially referred to as "The Kato Show", he was surprised to be recognized as the star of the show.
Lee played his first leading role in The Big Boss , which proved to be an enormous box office success across Asia and catapulted him to stardom.
He soon followed up with Fist of Fury , which broke the box office records set previously by The Big Boss. Having finished his initial two-year contract, Lee negotiated a new deal with Golden Harvest.
Lee later formed his own company, Concord Production Inc. For his third film, Way of the Dragon , he was given complete control of the film's production as the writer, director, star, and choreographer of the fight scenes.
In Way of the Dragon Lee introduced Norris to moviegoers as his opponent, their showdown has been characterized as "one of the best fight scenes in martial arts and film history ".
Filming began in Hong Kong in February and was completed in April Lee planned to sue the production company, but retained his friendship with Chan.
Enter the Dragon would go on to become one of the year's highest-grossing films and cement Lee as a martial arts legend. Lee had shot over minutes of footage, including out-takes, for Game of Death before shooting was stopped to allow him to work on Enter the Dragon.
In addition to Abdul-Jabbar, George Lazenby , Hapkido master Ji Han-Jae , and another of Lee's students, Dan Inosanto , were also to appear in the film, which was to culminate in Lee's character, Hai Tien clad in the now-famous yellow track suit   taking on a series of different challengers on each floor as they make their way through a five-level pagoda.
In a controversial move, Robert Clouse finished the film using a look-alike and archive footage of Lee from his other films with a new storyline and cast, which was released in However, the cobbled-together film contained only fifteen minutes of actual footage of Lee he had printed many unsuccessful takes  while the rest had a Lee look-alike, Kim Tai Chung , and Yuen Biao as stunt double.
The unused footage Lee had filmed was recovered 22 years later and included in the documentary Bruce Lee: A Warrior's Journey.
Apart from Game of Death , other future film projects were planned to feature Lee at the time. However, at the time, Lee decided to direct and produce his own script for Way of the Dragon instead.
In , Perfect Storm Entertainment and Bruce Lee's daughter, Shannon Lee announced that the series "The Warrior" would be produced and would air on the Cinemax and the filmmaker Justin Lin was chosen to direct the series.
The first season will contain 10 episodes. Lee had also worked on several scripts himself. While best known as a martial artist, Lee also studied drama and Asian and Western philosophy starting while a student at the University of Washington.
He was well-read and had an extensive library dominated by martial arts subjects and philosophical texts. His eclectic philosophy often mirrored his fighting beliefs, though he was quick to claim that his martial arts were solely a metaphor for such teachings.
He believed that any knowledge ultimately led to self-knowledge, and said that his chosen method of self-expression was martial arts. When asked in about his religious affiliation, he replied, "none whatsoever",  and when asked if he believed in God, he said, "To be perfectly frank, I really do not.
Aside from martial arts and philosophy, which focus on the physical aspect and self-consciousness for truths and principles,  Lee also wrote poetry that reflected his emotion and a stage in his life collectively.
Lee's principle of self-expression was applied to his poetry as well. His daughter Shannon Lee said, "He did write poetry; he was really the consummate artist.
Linda Lee Cadwell Bruce Lee's wife shared her husband's notes, poems, and experiences with followers. She mentioned "Lee's poems are, by American standards, rather dark—reflecting the deeper, less exposed recesses of the human psyche".
The mood in his poems shows the side of the man that can be compared with other poets such as Robert Frost , one of many well-known poets expressing himself with dark poetic works.
The paradox taken from the Yin and Yang symbol in martial arts was also integrated into his poetry. His martial arts and philosophy contribute a great part to his poetry.
The free verse form of Lee's poetry reflects his famous quote "Be formless Suffering from seizures and headaches, he was immediately rushed to Hong Kong Baptist Hospital , where doctors diagnosed cerebral edema.
They were able to reduce the swelling through the administration of mannitol. The headache and cerebral edema that occurred in his first collapse were later repeated on the day of his death.
On July 20, , Lee was in Hong Kong to have dinner with actor George Lazenby , with whom he intended to make a film.
The three went over the script at Ting's home, and then Chow left to attend a dinner meeting. Later, Lee complained of a headache, and Ting gave him the painkiller Equagesic , which contained both aspirin and the tranquilizer meprobamate.
When Lee did not come for dinner, Chow came to the apartment, but he was unable to wake Lee up. A doctor was summoned, and spent ten minutes attempting to revive Lee before sending him by ambulance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital.
Lee was declared dead on arrival , at the age of There was no visible external injury; however, according to autopsy reports, Lee's brain had swollen considerably, from 1, to 1, grams a 13 percent increase.
On October 15, , Chow stated in an interview that Lee died from an allergic reaction to the tranquilizer meprobamate, the main ingredient in Equagesic, which Chow described as an ingredient commonly used in painkillers.
These included murder involving the triads and a supposed curse on him and his family, rumors that persist to the present day.
Donald Teare , a forensic scientist, recommended by Scotland Yard , who had overseen over 1, autopsies, was assigned to the Lee case.
His conclusion was "death by misadventure" caused by cerebral edema due to a reaction to compounds present in the combination medication Equagesic.
Lycette, the clinical pathologist at Queen Elizabeth Hospital, reported at the coroner hearing that the death could not have been caused by cannabis.
At the San Diego Comic-Con convention, Lee's friend Chuck Norris attributed his death to a reaction to the combination of the muscle-relaxant medication he had been taking since for a ruptured disc in his back and an " antibiotic " he was given for his headache on the night of his death.
Michael Hunter theorized that Lee died of adrenal crisis brought on by the overuse of cortisone , which Lee had been taking since injuring his back in a weightlifting mishap.
In a biography, author Matthew Polly consulted with medical experts and theorized that Lee died from cerebral edema caused by over-exertion and heat stroke ; and heat stroke was not considered at the time because it was then a poorly-understood condition.
Jeet Kune Do , a hybrid martial arts philosophy drawing from different combat disciplines that was founded by Lee, is often credited with paving the way for modern mixed martial arts MMA.
He is credited with helping to change the way Asians were presented in American films  and was largely responsible for launching the " kung fu craze" of the s.
Sascha Matuszak of Vice said Enter the Dragon "is referenced in all manner of media, the plot line and characters continue to influence storytellers today, and the impact was particularly felt in the revolutionizing way the film portrayed African-Americans , Asians and traditional martial arts.
Lee believed that "the best fighter is not a Boxer, Karate or Judo man. The best fighter is someone who can adapt to any style, to be formless, to adopt an individual's own style and not following the system of styles.
You take a little something from everything. You take the good things from every different discipline, use what works, and you throw the rest away".
For example, boxing champion Sugar Ray Leonard said he perfected his jab by watching Lee, boxing champion Manny Pacquiao compared his fighting style to Lee, and UFC champion Conor McGregor also compared himself to Lee and said that he believes Lee would've been a champion in UFC if he were to compete in the present day.
Star of the Century Award . Fist of Fury Special Jury Award . Lee was named by Time as one of the most influential people of the 20th century.
A theme park dedicated to Lee was built in Jun'an, Guangdong. Mainland Chinese only started watching Bruce Lee films in the s, when videos of classic movies like The Chinese Connection became available.
Films like Enter the Dragon and Fists of Fury were banned by Mao as spiritual pollution and rightist sentimentality. Lee's first introduction to martial arts was through his father, from whom he learned the fundamentals of Wu-style t'ai chi ch'uan.
The largest influence on Lee's martial arts development was his study of Wing Chun. Lee was 16 years old under the Wing Chun teacher Yip Man in between late and , after losing to rival gang members.
Yip's regular classes generally consisted of the forms practice, chi sao sticking hands drills, wooden dummy techniques, and free-sparring.
There was no set pattern to the classes. After his match with Wong Jack Man in , Lee changed his approach toward martial arts training.
Lee felt that many martial artists of his time did not spend enough time on physical conditioning. Lee included all elements of total fitness—muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility.
He used traditional bodybuilding techniques to build some muscle mass, though not overdone, as that could decrease speed or flexibility.
At the same time, with respect to balance, Lee maintained that mental and spiritual preparation are fundamental to the success of physical training in martial arts skills.
In Tao of Jeet Kune Do he wrote:. Training is one of the most neglected phases of athletics. Too much time is given to the development of skill and too little to the development of the individual for participation.
JKD, ultimately is not a matter of petty techniques but of highly developed spirituality and physique. According to Linda Lee Cadwell , soon after he moved to the United States, Lee started to take nutrition seriously and developed an interest in health foods, high-protein drinks, and vitamin and mineral supplements.
He later concluded that achieving a high-performance body was akin to maintaining the engine of a high-performance automobile. Allegorically, as one could not keep a car running on low-octane fuels, one could not sustain one's body with a steady diet of junk food, and with "the wrong fuel", one's body would perform sluggishly or sloppily.
Lee had a dislike for dairy products and as a result, used powdered milk in his diet. Mary Glover. Lee's father, Lee Hoi-chuen , was one of the leading Cantonese opera and film actors at the time and was embarking on a year-long opera tour with his family on the eve of the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong.
Lee Hoi-chuen had been touring the United States for many years and performing in numerous Chinese communities there.
Within months, Hong Kong was invaded and the Lees lived for three years and eight months under Japanese occupation. After the war ended, Lee Hoi-chuen resumed his acting career and became a more popular actor during Hong Kong's rebuilding years.
Lee's mother, Grace Ho, was from one of the wealthiest and most powerful clans in Hong Kong, the Ho-tungs.
She was the half-niece of Sir Robert Ho-tung ,   the Eurasian patriarch of the clan. As such, the young Bruce Lee grew up in an affluent and privileged environment.
Despite the advantage of his family's status, the neighborhood in which Lee grew up became overcrowded, dangerous, and full of gang rivalries due to an influx of refugees fleeing communist China for Hong Kong, at that time a British Crown Colony.
Grace's parentage remains unclear. Grace Lee said her mother was English and her father was Chinese. Bosman subsequently abandoned his family and immigrated to California.
Also released was Lee singing a duet with Irene Ryder. While studying at the University of Washington he met his future wife Linda Emery , a fellow student studying to become a teacher, whom he married in August Lee had two children with Linda: Brandon — and Shannon Lee born She retired in from the family estate.
Lee died when his son Brandon was eight years old. While alive, Lee taught Brandon martial arts and would invite him to visit sets.
This gave Brandon the desire to act and went on to study the craft. As a young adult, Brandon Lee found some success acting in action orientated pictures such as Legacy of Rage , Showdown in Little Tokyo , and Rapid Fire In , at the age of 28, Brandon Lee died after being accidentally shot by a prop gun on the set of The Crow.
Lee died when his daughter Shannon was four. In her youth she studied Jeet Kune Do under Richard Bustillo , one of her father's students; however, her serious studies did not begin until the late s.
Upon Lee's early death, at his funeral Coburn did an eulogy. Both were very competitive of their success. Lee made no secret that he wanted everything McQueen had and would stop at nothing to get it.
Inosanto who would go on to train Lee's son Brandon. James was responsible for introducing Lee to Ed Parker , the organizer of the Long Beach International Karate Championships where Lee was first introduced to the martial arts community.
Polanski flew Lee to Switzerland to train him. Tate studied with Lee in preparation for her role in The Wrecking Crew.
Screenwriter Stirling Silliphant was a martial arts student and a friend of Lee. Basketball player Kareem Abdul-Jabbar studied martial arts and developed a friendship with Lee.
Actor and karate champion Chuck Norris was a friend and training partner of Lee's. Though Bruce Lee did not appear in commercials during his lifetime, Nokia launched an internet-based campaign in with staged "documentary-looking" footage of Bruce Lee playing ping-pong with his nunchaku and also igniting matches as they are thrown toward him.
The videos went viral on YouTube, creating confusion as some people believed them to be authentic footage. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Chinese-American actor, martial artist. This article is about the martial artist and actor. For other uses, see Bruce Lee disambiguation.
Not to be confused with Bruce Li. In this Chinese name , the family name is Lee. San Francisco, California , U.
Kowloon Tong , Hong Kong. Martial artist philosopher actor director screenwriter producer. Linda Emery. Lee Hoi-chuen father Grace Ho mother.
Further information: List of awards and honors received by Bruce Lee. Historical locations. Legendary figures.
Historical individuals. Modern celebrities. Main article: Bruce Lee filmography. Bruce Lee Foundation. Archived from the original on July 23, The Time New York.
Archived from the original on June 5, Retrieved June 7, Bruce Lee. Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved August 1, The Times of India.
July 1, Retrieved June 3, The Hindu. May 29, Archived from the original on October 25, The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 15, Archived from the original on August 22, Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved January 22, Frog Books.
Archived from the original on July 27, Retrieved November 18, Berry; Mary Ann Farquhar April 4, China on Screen: Cinema and Nation. Columbia University Press.
The Bruce Lee Story. Black Belt Communications. Retrieved July 23, Archived from the original on May 8, Retrieved May 30, Hardcore JKD.
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